Raw materials, metals, minerals and forest-based,
Raw materials, such as metals and minerals or forest-based materials, have become increasingly important to the EU's economy, growth, and competitiveness. More than 30 million jobs in the EU and many key economic sectors such as automotive, aerospace, and renewable energy are dependent on a sustainable supply of raw materials.Critical Mineral Commodities in Renewable Energy,Byproduct Mineral Commodities Used for the Production of Photovoltaic Cells, USGS, Circular 1365; Wind Energy in the United States and Materials Required for the Land-Based Wind Turbine Industry From 2010 Through 2030, USGS, Scientific Investigations Report 2011–5036; Mineral Commodity Summaries 2019, USGS, Mineral Commodity Summaries . DetailsCritical mineral raw materials - Wikipedia,Critical materials have been defined as "raw materials for which there are no viable substitutes with current technologies, which most consumer countries are dependent on importing, and whose supply is dominated by one or a few producers". Several factors may combine to make a raw material (mineral or not) a critical resource.